Chocolate was brought to Europe by the Spaniards, who learned its use from the Aztecs. It was introduced into England about 1657 and first manufactured in the United States near Dorchester, Massachusetts, in 1765. Americans consume approximately 12 pounds of chocolate per capita per year.
Chocolate, or theobroma cacao (the scientific name) literally translates as “food of the gods”. Cocoa is made from the seed of the cacao tree flower. The seeds are frequently referred to as cocoa beans. In its purest form cocoa is a natural food. What happens to it once it is processed and formed into a product is another story.